by Alex Vikoulov
"[O]ne new theory says that Dark Matter may be ordinary matter in a parallel universe. If a galaxy is hovering above in another dimension, we would not be able to see it. It would be invisible, yet we would feel its gravity. Hence, it might explain Dark Matter." –Michio Kaku
The first stars illuminated the cold and dark early cosmos, then collapsed into the black holes that along with Dark Matter formed galaxies and superclusters visible today. How do we know that Dark Matter exists? We know it exists because we can see its gravitational effect on the visible stars and galaxies. Our own Milky Way galaxy could not have dragged in enough matter to make its stars in the 13.8 billion years since the Big Bang without the presence of some invisible stuff whose extra gravity kept things together as a glue. The European Space Agency calculated that Dark Matter accounts for 26.8% of the mass-energy of the Universe compared with the 4.5% of normal ‘fermionic’ matter. It means that Dark Matter outweighs ordinary matter by a factor of about six.
It’s hard to find a field of study more conjectural than the Dark Matter cosmology. WIMPs (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles) is currently the most popular conjecture, while cosmologists propose ever more extravagant Dark Matter candidates such as a 5th dimensional particle to be thrown into the mix as of late. Science is based on empirical observation of the physical world, but that seems to be just a shadow of the greater higher-dimensional reality which lies beyond our perception and measurement. No wonder, science currently can explain a meager 4.5% of the visible cosmos by its Standard Model of particles. The rest of the cosmos is conveniently labeled ‘Dark Matter’, ‘Dark Energy’, ‘Dark Flow’, or simply ‘Dark Universe’. From time to time, science makes a paradigm shift like from Newtonian mechanics to quantum physics, thus expanding our understanding from deterministic laws to probabilistic [computational] realities.
Image: NASA: Bullet Cluster is a visual testimony for the existence of Dark Matter. Composite image showing the galaxy cluster 1E 0657-56, better known as Bullet Cluster. The image in background showing the visible spectrum of light stems from Magellan and Hubble Space Telescope images. The pink overlay shows the x-ray emission (recorded by Chandra Telescope) of the colliding clusters, the blue one represents the mass distribution of the clusters calculated from gravitational lens effects.
Now cosmology inches towards the next paradigm shift: One of the most mind-boggling discoveries of modernity is that the fabric of spacetime is emergent from something beneath it. In the quest to find the elusive quantum theory of gravity, the attempt to merge quantum mechanics and general relativity, research has shown that spacetime is not actually fundamental, but emerges from [quantum] information processing at large. For example, in The Physics of Time: D-Theory of Time & Temporal Mechanics, I submit to you the all new D-Theory of Time (Digital Presentism) predicated on reversible quantum computing at large which is worth mentioning here.
Most physicists and philosophers now adhere to the multiverse ontology, and quantum theory lends a hefty support to that worldview. Some physicists such as Julian Barbour of Oxford, Tim Koslowski of the University of New Brunswick and Flavio Mercati of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics argue that for any confined system of particles – a self-contained universe such as our own – gravity will create a central point (they called it ”Janus Point”) where time starts to flow away in opposite directions. Two other physicists – Sean Carroll of California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and Alan Guth of Massachusetts Institute of Technology – have announced their working on a similar entropy-based model that shows time moving in two different directions, in two mirror universes, from the Big Bang.
In my own ontological model I’m currently developing – the Cybernetic Theory of Mind – I place the aforementioned equivalent of Janus Point to the Omega Singularity. This is the convergent point of maximum computational capacity, a hypothetical projector of all possible timelines and anti-timelines in our quantum multiverse. I’d further argue that spacetime is holographic in nature. It implies that the Alpha Point (Big Bang) and Omega Point, both points being perfectly balanced states of the Universe, would look like “fountain heads'' where observer timelines start moving in different directions (3D temporal directions, or spacetime squared, or toroidal manifold if you prefer).
Under my ontology, this orthogonality of dimensions is necessary for entropic partitioning of the possible worlds. It follows that Dark Matter could be ordinary matter in the “probabilistic space” and “phase space” (5th and 6th dimensions of M-theory), possibly with “dark star systems” and life, imperceptible to us at our current level of development. In turn, Dark Energy could be a gravitational pull of neighboring inflationary multiverses (parallel universes with their own physical laws different from ours), oftentimes referred to as the ‘Multiverse Landscape’. In this M-theoretic view, our entire Universe can be thought of as an entropic bubble expanding into an extra dimension.
Some might view this as a speculative assumption but when it comes to Dark Matter, my logic stems from quantum-mechanical principles inherent to our computation-based reality. For example, in his book QED Nobel laureate Richard Feynman discusses the situation of photons being partially transmitted and partially reflected by a sheet of glass: reflection amounting to about 4% percent. In other words, one out of every 24 photons will be reflected on average, and this holds true even for a “one at a time” flux. The four percent cannot be explained by statistical differences of the photons (they are identical) nor by random variations in the glass. Something is “steering” every 24th photon on average that it should be reflected back instead of being transmitted.
Other quantum experiments lead to similar paradoxes. I could be even more specific and propose that we can see and be part of visible reality which would amount to 1/24. Why one out of 24? It has a geometric patterning in 2nd + 3rd dimension: There are 4 possible vectors in the 2nd dimension multiplied by 6 vectors in the topological dimension (4×6=24). It is my contention, admittedly highly speculative: Based on this geometry of information propagation, we can only perceive photons of light amounting to about 4.16% of full potentiality. And, this percentage is a close approximation as to the ratio of ordinary matter to the rest of the composition of our Universe. It cannot be a simple coincidence!
When we gaze up into a starry night sky, we don’t see other stars and galaxies, what we see is our story, unfolding right before our very eyes from the dimensional manifold. The reason we have the impression the Universe is expanding and actually accelerating in its expansion is because our 3D “movie” is getting more and more complex with passing time, and its information content grows with time as well. What we humans see with our expanding outer space and newly-created time is an algorithmic deployment of holographic information that grows in size and complexity.
Our brightest minds came up with M-theory which could be our best shot at quantum gravity, a theory of everything, with the aim of unifying quantum mechanics with general relativity, if you add a computational twist to it. String theory postulates that our reality has 10 dimensions, M-theory has 11 dimensions. Extra dimensions are beyond our perception as any additional dimension is at a right angle to the previous one, “compactified” or “curled up,” in the String theorist’s jargon. It means you can get any possible configuration of particles, and consequently, all logically possible universes that are just as real as the one where you are reading this sentence right now. Thus, you could think of time (+anti-time), orthogonal to 3D space, as the 4th spatial dimension. The 5th dimension would be “Probabilistic space,” the 6th dimension would be “Phase space,” where Dark Matter with alien civilizations are presumably nested.
'Pancomputationalism', some might call computational panpsychism, offers a new perspective on the physics of our world. It is the notion that the Universe is a computational machine, or rather a network of computational processes which, following fundamental physical laws, computes its own destiny from the current state. In my digital philosophy, I adhere to the worldview of hybrid computation: If I were to program a whole-world simulation, I would create a computational universe with a variety of computing modes at the core of its engine, a hybrid of digital computing and quantum computing. And computational thinking does not stop there.
Leaving physicalist assumptions behind, and basing our assumptions on the combination of computational physics, M-Theory and the Holographic Principle, we can further argue that every planet, every star and every black hole is a massive program in the universal operating system. Their mass differential, for instance, must produce varying emerging effects around them such as gravity and time flow. Consequently, potential life on the surface of an alien planet would be subjected to its own data lineage, many would call a "vibratory" reality, or a parallel spacetime continuum, and by definition, would be "out of phase" with our own earthly life with the so-called "common observer effect." This addresses the Fermi Paradox which is a good topic for another day.
We can also recognize our planet, as well as any other, as a conscious entity (or a massive computational system, or a planetary superorganism, depending on the perspective) with its own destiny and perceptual framework, including self-awareness. This, of course, may appear controversial and not so obvious. At the moment, society at large still remains either ignorant or skeptical of such an idea, so it’s important to justify the hypothesis via observable evidence which indicates that this could be the case. The idea of planetary consciousness is being investigated in long term research at the International Consciousness Research Laboratory, by the Global Consciousness Project and the Global Brain Institute. Groundbreaking research and development in the field of self-aware global system is presented in the academic work, scholarly journal articles and books by Ben Goertzel, Peter Russell, Francis Heylighen, Larry Dossey, Roger Nelson, Kevin Kelly, Antonin Tuynman, Dean Radin, Thomas Malone, to name just a few brilliant thinkers, who have valuable insights to contribute to the discourse.
P.S. Adapted from my recent book The Syntellect Hypothesis: Five Paradigms of the Mind’s Evolution available now as eBook, paperback, hardcover, audiobook on Amazon, Audible, from Barnes & Noble, and directly from the publisher — EcstadelicNET webstore.
Tags: Dark Matter, spacetime continuum, Michio Kaku, Milky Way galaxy, Big Bang, European Space Agency, NASA, WIMP, cosmology, visible cosmos, Standard Model of particles, Dark Energy, Dark Flow, Dark Universe, Newtonian mechanics, quantum physics, paradigm shift, quantum gravity, general relativity, quantum information processing, physics of time, D-theory of Time, reversible quantum computing, multiverse ontology, quantum theory, Julian Barbour, Tim Koslowski, Flavio Mercati, Janus Point, Sean Carroll, Alan Guth, mirror universes, ontological model, Cybernetic Theory of Mind, Omega Singularity, quantum multiverse, Alpha Point, Omega Point, ontology, possible worlds, probabilistic space, phase space, M-theory, dark star systems, inflationary multiverse, Multiverse Landscape, quantum experiments, dimensional manifold, complexity, theory of everything, String theory, spatial dimension, pancomputationalism, computational panpsychism, fundamental physical laws, computational universe, quantum computing, computational physics, Holographic Principle, common observer effect, Fermi Paradox, conscious entity, planetary consciousness, International Consciousness Research Laboratory, Global Consciousness Project, Global Brain Institute, Ben Goertzel, Peter Russell, Francis Heylighen, Larry Dossey, Roger Nelson, Kevin Kelly, Antonin Tuynman, Dean Radin, Thomas Malone
*Image Credits: Ecstadelic Media, Shutterstock
About the Author:
Alex Vikoulov is a Russian-American futurist, evolutionary cyberneticist and philosopher of mind, CEO/Editor-in-Chief of Ecstadelic Media Group, painter, essayist, media commentator, author of "The Syntellect Hypothesis: Five Paradigms of the Mind's Evolution," "The Origins of Us: Evolutionary Emergence and The Omega Point Cosmology," "The Physics of Time: D-Theory of Time & Temporal Mechanics," "The Intelligence Supernova: Essays on Cybernetic Transhumanism, The Simulation Singularity & The Syntellect Emergence," "Theology of Digital Physics: Phenomenal Consciousness, The Cosmic Self & The Pantheistic Interpretation of Our Holographic Reality," "NOOGENESIS: Computational Biology," "TECHNOCULTURE: The Rise of Man," "The Cybernetic Singularity: The Syntellect Emergence." Self-described neo-transcendentalist, digital theologian, transhumanist singularitarian. Lives in Burlingame, California (San Francisco Bay Area). More Bio...
Author Website: www.alexvikoulov.com
The Syntellect Hypothesis: Five Paradigms of the Mind's Evolution by Alex M. Vikoulov (2020): eBook Paperback Hardcover Audiobook
The Cybernetic Singularity: The Syntellect Emergence by Alex M. Vikoulov (2021): eBook
TECHNOCULTURE: The Rise of Man by Alex M. Vikoulov (2020) eBook
NOOGENESIS: Computational Biology by Alex M. Vikoulov (2020): eBook
The Ouroboros Code: Reality's Digital Alchemy Self-Simulation Bridging Science and Spirituality by Antonin Tuynman (2019) eBook Paperback
Theology of Digital Physics: Phenomenal Consciousness, The Cosmic Self & The Pantheistic Interpretation of Our Holographic Reality by Alex M. Vikoulov (2019) eBook
The Intelligence Supernova: Essays on Cybernetic Transhumanism, The Simulation Singularity & The Syntellect Emergence by Alex M. Vikoulov (2019) eBook
The Physics of Time: D-Theory of Time & Temporal Mechanics by Alex M. Vikoulov (2019): eBook
The Origins of Us: Evolutionary Emergence and The Omega Point Cosmology by Alex M. Vikoulov (2019): eBook
More Than An Algorithm: Exploring the gap between natural evolution and digitally computed artificial intelligence by Antonin Tuynman (2019): eBook
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